Sexe de l'enfant et investissement parental : le cas d'Haïti

Authors: Pyram, Sonel
Advisor: Cockburn, JohnLacroix, Guy
Abstract: Many papers analyze the impact of child gender on parental investment. Most of them underscore that, mainly in developing countries, parents do not equally treat their children due to their preferences. Inspired from the work of Barcellos et al. (2014), whose findings reveal that in India parents prefer boys to girls and allocate resources accordingly, this paper examines if this phenomenon is common practice among Haitian parents. Using data from the DHS 1994, the estimates suggest that, in Haiti, if the newborn is a boy he is 3.2 percent points more likely than a girl to be breastfed, but there is no such discrimination when using other dependent variables like immunizations or vitamin A. However, estimates from more recent data reveal that, in 2005, girls are 2.4 percent points more likely than boys to be breastfed. Furthermore, considering the children aged between 0 and 59 months for the same year (2005), the breastfeeding duration increases as much as 11.2% if the child is a girl. keywords: Investment, Haiti, child, gender, breastfeeding, mother, immunization, anthropometry, 1994, 2000, 2005.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2016
Open Access Date: 24 April 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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