Étude de la structuration laser femtoseconde multi-échelle de verres d'oxydes dopés à l'argent

Authors: Vangheluwe, Marie
Advisor: Vallée, Réal; Canioni, Lionel
Abstract: Three-dimensional femtosecond laser structuring of oxide glasses is a growing research and development area. It is also increasingly used in the high-tech industry thanks to its simple implementation and numerous possible applications emerging from the photonic components manufacturing. Indeed, an ultra-short focused beam in a transparent material reaches a sufficient intensity to 3D modify the material on micrometer or nanometer scale. However, the laser matter interaction regimes at such high intensity are not completely understood, and the materials already used are not perfectly adapted for new photonic applications. This research aims to provide answers to those open questions. This thesis is divided into two main parts. The first one addresses the issue of the glass surface interaction with ultrashort pulses which leads to self-organized periodic structures. The influence of photosensitive doping ions and irradiation parameters are studied to support and strengthen the incubation model for nanograting surface formation. This study allows the control of these periodic nanoscale structures for further applications. The second part deals with localized volume crystallization induced by laser material interaction. Several glassy matrices with various silver oxide doping have been synthesized to understand the mechanisms of silver nanoparticle precipitation. This work demonstrates the link between the physical chemistry of the glass and the non-equilibrium thermodynamic state during laser interaction to influence nucleation and growth conditions of these nano-objects. The results are compared to models that describe the optical response of plasmonic behavior. Finally, this research opens on new approaches and many prospects for applications and understandings of femtosecond direct laser writing of novel photonic bricks.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2016
Open Access Date: 24 April 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/26758
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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