Extraction robuste de primitives géométriques 3D dans un nuage de points et alignement basé sur les primitives

Authors: Tran, Trung Thien
Advisor: Laurendeau, Denis
Abstract: In this research project, we address reverse engineering and quality control problems that play significant roles in industrial manufacturing. Reverse engineering attempts to rebuild a 3D model from the scanned data captured from a object, which is the problem similar to 3D surface reconstruction. Quality control is a process in which the quality of all factors involved in production is monitored and revised. In fact, the above systems currently require significant intervention from experienced users, and are thus still far from being fully automated. Therefore, many challenges still need to be addressed to achieve the desired performance for automated production. The first proposition of this thesis is to extract 3D geometric primitives from point clouds for reverse engineering and surface reconstruction. A complete framework to extract multiple types of primitives from 3D data is proposed. In particular, a novel validation method is also proposed to assess the quality of the extracted primitives. At the end, all primitives present in the point cloud are extracted with their associated data points and descriptive parameters. These results could be used in various applications such as scene and building reconstruction, constructive solid geometry, etc. The second proposition of the thesis is to align two 3D datasets using the extracted geometric primitives, which is introduced as a novel and robust descriptor. The idea of using primitives for alignment is addressed several challenges faced by existing registration methods. This alignment problem is an essential step in 3D modeling, registration and model retrieval. Finally, an automatic method to extract sharp features from 3D data of man-made objects is also proposed. By integrating the extracted sharp features into the alignment framework, it is possible implement automatic assignment of primitive correspondences using attribute relational graph matching. Each primitive is considered as a node of the graph and an attribute relational graph is created to provide a structural and relational description between primitives. We have experimented all the proposed algorithms on different synthetic and real scanned datasets. Our algorithms not only are successful in completing their tasks with good results but also outperform other methods. We believe that the contribution of them could be useful in many applications.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2016
Open Access Date: 24 April 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/26744
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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