Les usages sociaux du djembé au Québec : construction locale d'un patrimoine culturel immatériel mondial

Authors: Provost, Monique
Advisor: Turgeon, Laurier
Abstract: This thesis is part of that field of ethnological studies which concerns the transnational movements of the intangible cultural heritage. It deals with the appropriation of the djembé, a West African drum, by Quebec society. Beginning with a multidisciplinary approach which draws on ethnology, history and ethnomusicology, this thesis adds to our knowledge regarding music making in Quebec and to the research which seeks to understand how new forms of intangible cultural heritage are created at the local level within a global context. The study of the transnational migration of the drum tells the story its evolution, along with the recontextualization and the adaptation of playing styles and the transformations of its Mandinka repertoire in Quebec. Following is a Quebec genealogy relating to the manner in which the drum, beaten by hand, illustrates the global nature of traditions linked by percussive rhythms. Lastly, the ethnography of these practices and the oral research carried out in conjunction with recreational djembé players demonstrate that this cultural activity is, first and foremost, the expression of a form of “social corporeality, ” that is, the construction of, new, albeit transitory, socio-musical entities. Synchronizing the bodies engaged in producing the beat and the rhythm requires as well developing a mind set so as to build a heightened presence of belonging to the group. Furthermore, this drumming activity appears at various social events in addition to those focusing on music. The potential, found in djembé playing, to create a collective experience through the synchronizing of bodies is used for relieving stress in recreational contexts, for teambuilding in the workplace, for motivating youth to persevere in their studies at both primary and secondary levels and, last but not least, in opening new channels for communication with autistic children or those showing behavioural problems at school.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2016
Open Access Date: 23 April 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/26663
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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