Situation des autochtones urbains au Canada : estimation de la discrimination

Authors: Girard, Nikolas
Advisor: Boucher, VincentLacroix, Guy
Abstract: The social, financial and domestic difficulties undergone by the Aboriginals have major consequences on the Canadian public economy. Although, there is a lack of studies concerning the Aboriginals living in urban areas. In this thesis, we attempt, according the income, to quantify the discrimination against the Aboriginals living in a major Canadian city. The main objective is to be informed of any form of discrimination against the Aboriginals explaining the gap between them, and the rest of the Canadian population. In an attempt to evaluate this potential discrimination, we use matching and decomposition methods. According to our sample of 5115 individuals, of which there is 2614 Aboriginals, the results suggest that the gap in the income between the Aboriginals and the Non-aboriginals is explained between 50% and 75% by the component evaluating the difference in the characteristics, while the difference is explained by the one evaluating the gap in the marginal returns on these characteristics. The last one is similar to a component estimating the discrimination. Therefore, the results show that there is discrimination against the Aboriginals which would be higher to the one against women in the labour market.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2016
Open Access Date: 23 April 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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