Nanocrystalline cellulose (NCC) filled thermoplastics : production and characterization of composites and foams

Authors: Yousefiandivkolaei, Seyedeh Hajar
Advisor: Rodrigue, Denis
Abstract: This thesis is devoted to the understanding of the morphological and mechanical properties of nanocrystalline cellulose (NCC) filled thermoplastics produced by melt compounding (extrusion and injection molding). In the first part, composites based on Nylon 6 and NCC (0-7% wt.) are prepared and morphological/mechanical properties (tension, flexion, impact) are presented. The results show that NCC is effective to improve the mechanical properties (mainly flexural modulus) with limited overall density increase. In the second part, a hybrid system is evaluated based on NCC (1%) and maple wood flour (20%) filled polypropylene (PP), with and without maleated PP (MAPP) as a coupling agent. The mechanical analysis reveal that these two fibers have effective reinforcing role, especially to improve the elastic moduli of samples containing MAPP. The third part examines the morphological, physical and mechanical characterization of NCC/Nylon 6 nano-composite foams. Different content of NCC (0-5%) and chemical foaming agent (azodicarbonamide) (0-2%), as well as mold temperature (30 and 80⁰C) are used to produce the samples. The results show that NCC is very effective to improve the foam structure (reduced cell size, increased cell density) and mechanical properties, especially elastic moduli. Also, foaming agent content and mold temperature have a direct effect on the mechanical properties because they control the skin layer thickness. Finally, composites and foams are produced based on PP. Similarly to Nylon 6, NCC is very effective to reduce cell size and increase cell density. Moreover, NCC is able to improve the mechanical properties of PP, especially the specific elastic moduli.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2016
Open Access Date: 23 April 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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