Influence de la qualité du bois sur les dimensions des copeaux produits par une équarrisseuse-fragmenteuse

Authors: Caceres Cuadros, Claudia
Advisor: Hernández, RogerKoubaa, Ahmed
Abstract: The main goal of this research was to evaluate the effect of wood quality on the dimensions of black spruce and jack pine chips produced with a chipper-canter for pulping purposes. Some aspects of the forest management of these species were studied, namely: the log provenance, the position of the log in the stem, and the commercial thinning, in order to evaluate wood quality and its response to fragmentation. Thus, the growth ring characteristics, the number and size of knots, the basic density, and various mechanical properties potentially involved in chip formation were assessed on the external parts of the log which were subjected to fragmentation. Firstly, black spruce logs coming from two sites separated by 300 km of latitudinal gradient (47°N, 50°N) were fragmented. For a given cutting width, a log coming from a slow growth rate site (50°N) with high ring density attributes and a corresponding high basic density and mechanical properties provided thinner chips. Secondly, the effect of the log position within the stem in the fragmentation process was evaluated for the same species. The increase of the size and number of knots up the stem was the main cause of producing thicker chips towards the top of the stem. However, the production of thicker chips at the bottom logs was attributed to their pronounced taper. Finally, the effects of the commercial thinning and the log position in the stem were evaluated on jack pine. Jack pine logs coming from thinned stands seem to produce chips of smaller dimensions compared to logs from a natural stand. However, these results should be interpreted with caution due to the small sample size used. Under the same cutting conditions, jack pine had a higher mean chip thickness compared to black spruce. Chip thickness variation with the log position in the stem was similar between the two species. Moreover, the increase in cutting width produced thicker chips in all cases. The size of knots appeared to be critical in chip dimension. In addition, the variation in wood density attributes, growth rings characteristics, and bending properties would appear to have a considerable role in the chip formation mechanism. Ultimately, chip dimensions could be adjusted to pulp mills standards if sawmills will have more control and knowledge of their wood raw material specific attributes.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2016
Open Access Date: 23 April 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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