Développement d'outils pour le conditionnement mécanique de substituts valvulaires et vasculaires produits par génie tissulaire

Authors: Laterreur, Véronique
Advisor: Ruel, JeanGermain, Lucie
Abstract: Tissue engineering offers promising solutions to problems related to repair and replacement of tissues of the human body, especially those of the cardiovascular system. One of the preferred approaches consists in using cell culture to reproduce the structure, the properties and the functionalities of the tissue to be repaired or replaced. Dynamic culture in an environment reproducing, in the case of cardiovascular system substitutes, blood flow and pressure conditions imposed on these tissues in the body, has demonstrated a great potential for the properties and functionalities of the substitutes to evolve into those of the native tissues they are destined to repair or replace. The objectives of this thesis have therefore been oriented towards the development of different tools related to the mechanical conditioning of aortic valve and artery substitutes through dynamic culture. A bioreactor allowing reproduction of the blood flow and pressure conditions at the entrance of the systemic circulation in the human body with an unprecedented quality was first developed, in order to perform mechanical conditioning on aortic valve substitutes produced by auto-assembly. Tools leading to the establishment of rigorous protocols for the evaluation of the effect of mechanical conditioning on the circumferential mechanical properties of vascular substitutes were then designed and commissioned. Finally, these different tools of mechanical conditioning and evaluation were used to initiate the development of a mechanical conditioning protocol which would modulate the mechanical properties and accelerate the maturation process of vascular substitutes produced by auto-assembly.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2015
Open Access Date: 23 April 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/26561
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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