Lien optique transcutané pour l'enregistrement de signaux neuronaux haute résolution

Authors: Al Yassine, Mouhamad
Advisor: Gosselin, BenoitMessaddeq, Younès
Abstract: Neural data recording has seen huge progress during the past few years; it helps for diagnosing diseases inside the brain like Parkinson disease and clinical depression. A big number of Parkinson’s patients use a neural implant to lessen tumors and rigid movement. A small electrode will be placed on the brain. It helps to control motion and when an electrical simulation happens, it helps reduce and even eliminate Parkinson symptoms. The neural data recording system requires a complete link starting by recording neural data using electrodes, convert this data onto digital data and transmit the digitized data using a wireless link. In this work we are focusing on sending neural data from an implanted device through the skin using light. There are different ways to transmit data wirelessly with either antenna or with an optical transmitter; we discuss about those methods in the literature review chapter. We choose to work with VCSEL or Vertical Cavity Surface Emitting Lasers; a specialized laser diode with improved efficiency and high speed compared to other optical devices. The first part of the research was to study the best way to transmit data through the human skin, the method of transmission and the properties of the medium through which the light will propagate. After choosing the method of transmission, we designed an integrated link using 0.18 um CMOS technology. This integrated link consists of two parts, the transmitter side which is a VCSEL driver able to drive the VCSEL with a 3 dB bandwidth of 1.3 GHz and low power-consumption of 12 mW, and a receiver side that consists of a photodiode connected to a CMOS transimpedance amplifier with high gain (90 dB) and high speed of (250 Mbps). The second part was to build a discrete optical link with commercial low cost components, so we designed two PCBs (Printed Circuit Board) for the transmitter and receiver side, and we designed a mechanical system to align the transmitter and the photodiode. We then tested our optical link, and it demonstrated the capability to transmit data through 3 mm of pork tissue at a bit-rate of 20 Mbps with low power consumption of 3 mW using OOK (On Off Keying) data transmission, and finally we did a comparison between our results and other works.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2015
Open Access Date: 23 April 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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