Theoretical investigation and numerical simulations of RF textiles antennas performance

Authors: Khalil, Mazen
Advisor: Messaddeq, Younès
Abstract: This work is devoted to the theory and numerical simulations of novel wireless-communicating textiles featuring multi-material RF fiber antennas embedded into textiles. The research is driven by an attempt to change the concept of wearables from large devices mounted on the body to a hidden and comfortable wearables integrated into your clothes. RF textiles antennas are expected to find multiple applications in various sectors of healthcare, child and elderly monitoring - telemedicine and home-nursing, security, search and rescue. RF textiles antennas, previously developed in our group, are made from multi-material fiber by incorporating a conductive layer of silver within a silica capillary of 100μm diameter using liquid phase deposition technique. The structure of these wearable antennas is flexible, conform to the body, and non-invasive. In this work the performance of two fiber antennas, namely dipole and loop, is investigated at ISM-band through numerical simulations using ANSYS HFSS both in free space and on-body scenario. For this purpose, the specific multi-layer human body model was developed using the “Federal Communication Commission” guidelines to assign the dielectric properties of each tissue and to satisfy all safety regulations. Simulated results include the shifting of resonance frequency, affected radiation patterns, radiation field above the body, efficiency and SAR measurements. In addition, antenna-body-separation distance and weather effects are also investigated. Presented results are then analyzed in terms of pros and cons of the two fiber antenna designs, especially in on-body scenario, as special attention is given to the robustness and immunity against the vicinity of human body.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2015
Open Access Date: 23 April 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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