Calibration-free Pedestrian Partial Pose Estimation Using a High-mounted Kinect

Authors: Toony, Razieh
Advisor: Giguère, Philippe; Chaib-draa, Brahim
Abstract: The application of human behavior analysis has undergone rapid development during the last decades from entertainment system to professional one, as Human Robot Interaction (HRI), Advanced Driver Assistance System (ADAS), Pedestrian Protection System (PPS), etc. Meanwhile, this thesis addresses the problem of recognizing pedestrians and estimating their body orientation in 3D based on the fact that estimating a person’s orientation is beneficial in determining their behavior. In this thesis, a new method is proposed for detecting and estimating the orientation, in which the result of a pedestrian detection module and a orientation estimation module are integrated sequentially. For the goal of pedestrian detection, a cascade classifier is designed to draw a bounding box around the detected pedestrian. Following this, extracted regions are given to a discrete orientation classifier to estimate pedestrian body’s orientation. This classification is based on a coarse, rasterized depth image simulating a top-view virtual camera, and uses a support vector machine classifier that was trained to distinguish 10 orientations (30 degrees increments). In order to test the performance of our approach, a new benchmark database contains 764 sets of point cloud for body-orientation classification was captured. For this benchmark, a Kinect recorded the point cloud of 30 participants and a marker-based motion capture system (Vicon) provided the ground truth on their orientation. Finally we demonstrated the improvements brought by our system, as it detected pedestrian with an accuracy of 95:29% and estimated the body orientation with an accuracy of 88:88%.We hope it can provide a new foundation for future researches.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2015
Open Access Date: 23 April 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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