Ablation laser et croissance de réseaux de surface
|Advisor:||Dubé, Louis J.; Messaddeq, Younès|
|Abstract:||The formation of laser-induced periodic surface structures (LIPSSs) using pulsed laser source is studied on the basis of the Sipe-Drude theory solved, first analytically, then with a finitedifference time-domain (FDTD) scheme. LIPSSs consist of wavy nanometric structures and can be categorized depending on their orientation with respect to the incident laser polarization and their periodicity Λ with respect to the incident laser wavelength λ. With our FDTD solver, we find, in as yet unexplored regions of parameter space, that a linearly polarized laser pulse can interact with a rough surface such that bidimensional structures could grow with both parallel and perpendicular periodicity of Λ ∼ λ. However, this theory cannot predict the strong organization and regularity in the space domain, as observed in the experiments. Allowing self-organization in the model with an interpulse feedback mechanism is a possible solution to simulate the growth of strongly organized LIPSSs from one laser pulse to the next. This recently proposed method uses a non-physical ablation process to qualitatively account for material removal between two laser pulses. This new model can reproduce a large variety of LIPSSs with a strong spatial regularity, but still fails to simulate amplitude growth of some of the structures. We suggest that those remaining structures can grow by considering an inverse mechanism, an expansion process. By combining ablation and expansion mechanisms, we have successfully simulated the growth of a large class of LIPSSs.|
|Document Type:||Mémoire de maîtrise|
|Open Access Date:||23 April 2018|
|Collection:||Thèses et mémoires|
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