Le Scirpus cyperinus : germination, établissement et compétition en contexte de restauration de fen

Authors: Lajoie, Julie
Advisor: Rochefort, Line
Abstract: Recent advances in peat extraction methods now leave the environment in a state closer to an historical development stage designated as minerotrophic (fen) rather than ombotrophic (bog). Consequently, industrial peatlands are commonly invaded monospecifically by Scirpus cyperinus soon after the end of operations. This study investigates new intervention techniques promoting biodiversity of the degraded ecosystem. In this context, two greenhouse experiments were carried out. The first one compared the performance of four plant covers to prevent S. cyperinus germination in relation to hydrologic conditions. Sphagnum warnstorfii and graminoid plants mats efficiently limited Scirpus cyperinus germination. The second experiment looked at the potential of two species targeted for reintroduction to grow and compete with Scirpus cyperinus under two hydrologic regimes. The biomass production of one of the two selected species (Calamagrostis canadensis) was able to maintain itself in presence of Scirpus cyperinus.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2015
Open Access Date: 23 April 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/26376
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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