Effect of cigarette smoke on "Candida albicans" growth and its interaction with human gingival fibroblasts

Authors: Alanazi, Humidah
Advisor: Rouabhia, Mahmoud
Abstract: The main objective of this study was to investigate the effect of cigarette smoke (CS) on C. albicans and its interaction with human gingival fibroblasts. We have shown that Candida multiplies presence CS, by adopting the hyphae form. CS makes C. albicans sensitive H2O2, but resistant to heat and NaCl. CS in-creases chitin production by C. albicans. Preincubated with CS, C. albicans adheres more to gingival cells in monolayer, proliferating more and adopts the hyphae form more easily. Fibroblasts show a reduction of their growth, but produce more IL-1b. CSC modulates C. albicans and on the other side also CS modulates the host cells. This suggests a significant negative cigarette smoke promotes oral candidiasis in smokers.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2015
Open Access Date: 23 April 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/26367
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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