Effets du traumatisme cranio-cérébral léger chez la personne âgée sur les processus mnésiques et exécutifs, en lien avec les habitudes de vie

Authors: Bolduc, Frédéric
Advisor: Pépin, MichelBlanchet, Sophie
Abstract: It is well known that normal aging is accompanied by a decline in episodic memory. Following a traumatic brain injury (TBI), even from mild severity (MTBI), the most frequent complaints concern episodic memory and attention. Currently, the combined effects of aging and MTBI on episodic memory and related processes (ie, attention and executive control processes) remain to deepen. The first objective of this project was to evaluate the impact of MTBI on memory performance in relation with the executive control and attentional processes in the elderly. The second objective was to assess whether the presence of a MTBI in the elderly interfere with the achievement of life habits and physical activity. To meet the first objective, a paradigm of episodic memory manipulating the level of attention (full, divided) and semantic congruence between word pairs (semantically related, semantically unrelated) during the learning phase, was administered. For the second objective, the level of everyday functioning was examined using questionnaires assessing the realization of life habits, the physical activity and memory complaints in daily life. The results of this thesis demonstrate the presence of an associative deficit exacerbated by the presence of the MTBI in addition to a subtle dysfunction of the executive control system affecting encoding and retrieval in episodic memory. In addition, the results indicate the presence of functional complaints and a decrease in physical activity following an MTBI. This project provides a better understanding of the effects of MTBI in the elderly and the posibility to make recommendations to provide more appropriate intervention to the cognitive profile of the population.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2015
Open Access Date: 23 April 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/26301
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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