Étude du comportement physique des bois au-dessus et au-dessous du point de saturation des fibres
|Abstract:||The main purpose of this work was to study the changes in the physical properties and in the wood-water relations of four hardwood species below and above the fiber saturation point (FSP). Two tropical, one temperate and one plantation grown species with high variable anatomical structure were investigated. In the first part of this work, samples of all species were destined to three desorption conditions at 21°C from full saturated state or from green condition until reach equilibrium moisture contents (EMC) below the FSP. The water state and the distribution of liquid and bound water were analysed by nuclear magnetic resonance and magnetic resonance (MR) microimaging. Transverse relaxation times T2 showed entrapped liquid water below the FSP. The MR microimaging study allowed identifying in which anatomical elements this water could be located. Also, bound water was not uniformly distributed in wood structure even at a global EMC, being the denser tissues more hygroscopic than the lighter ones. Both techniques revealed that wood anatomy plays a major role in water drainage and diffusion. The second part of this work was dedicated to study the effect of four desorption rates on the dimensional behaviour of Eucalyptus saligna wood under a range of moisture contents covering the whole hygroscopic domain. Slower desorption rates implied higher shrinkages, but these different rates have not affected the slope of shrinkage-EMC curves. The collapse of Eucalyptus saligna wood was more important for slower desorption rates and it was greater in the tangential direction. The FSP determined by the extended linear portion of the shrinkage-EMC curves revealed to be not adequate for collapse-prone species. Finally, the results indicated the phenomenon of the beginning of the loss of bound water before all liquid water has been drained.|
|Document Type:||Thèse de doctorat|
|Open Access Date:||23 April 2018|
|Collection:||Thèses et mémoires|
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