Interprétation et mise en valeur du patrimoine naturel et culturel, matériel et immatériel dans les parc nationaux-Cas du Parc National Historique : Citadelle, Sans-Souci, Ramiers de la République d’Haïti

Authors: Demesvar, Kenrick
Advisor: Turgeon, LaurierCharbonneau, André
Abstract: The purpose of this essay is to propose a global program of interpretation, which integrates the different kinds of heritage, natural and cultural, tangible and intangible. It takes its inspiration from the international principles of interpretation arising out of various practices (followed, for example, by national parks, museums, historic sites) and their application to the overall values of a park, understood as a heritage site in the context of a developing country. The case study presented is that of the National Historic Park: Citadelle, Sans-Souci, Ramiers (PNH-CSSR), Haiti’s most significant heritage and tourist site, which includes monuments considered as symbols of the national historic identity. On the UNESCO world heritage list since 1982, this park has, as yet, no program of interpretation. As a result, the study sets out to fill this gap by proposing a complete interpretative program that takes into account all the potential of PNH-CSSR, while showing how this tool can help accentuate its best qualities. Using a multidisciplinary approach, the study is based on participant observations and semi-directive interviews along with a corpus made up of historical and ethnographic documents. The interpretation process puts into use a host of resources, such as theatrical performances, musical presentations, museum exhibitions both virtual and real, brochures, interpretive panels and signage, and local guides trained on site. In this way, emphasis is laid on local participation through group activities, the communication of the site’s values and interpretive products along with essential cultural services for the development on the site of sustainable tourism. Joining practice to theory, this essay includes an experimental phase on the site of the proposed interpretive program. Assessing the application of this program has shown it to be adapted to both the current and future needs of the park, to the goals set by the Haitian State for touristic development in the region and at the site, to the expectations of residents and of visitors, those at present and those to come. This research constitutes a pioneering endeavour to assist in the advancement of knowledge in the field of heritage interpretation, especially in Haiti. This original interpretive program seeks to serve as a model for that country’s national parks as a whole and, further, for national parks worldwide.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2015
Open Access Date: 23 April 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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