Quality control of complex polymer materials using hyperspectral imaging associated with multivariate statistical analysis
|Advisor:||Duchesne, Carl; Rodrigue, Denis|
|Abstract:||In the first step of this work, maleic anhydride grafted polyethylene (MAPE)/hemp fiber composites with different filler concentration between 0 to 60% were analyzed by NIR imaging. Three chemometrics methods including Partial Least Squares (PLS), Multivariate Curve Resolution (MCR) and Multivariate Image Analysis/Multivariate Image Regression (MIA/MIR) were implemented and compared for predicting mechanical properties as well as mapping chemical compositions and material physical variations. In the second part of this project, a series of complex multilayer films (industrial samples) were investigated using NIR hyperspectral imaging and Multivariate Image Analysis (MIA). The potential and effectiveness of the proposed method for detecting defects caused by missing layer(s) were studied for unprinted and printed films. In the final part, polypropylene (PP)/glass/flax hybrid composites were studied. The effect of composition (fiber content between 0 and 40 vol%), as well as water, thermal and UV aging on mechanical properties was investigated. Then, Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) images of unaged hybrid composites were analyzed using texture analysis and multivariate methods. Finally, NIR imaging was implemented on unaged and aged composites to predict their final properties as well as to capture chemical composition and aging variations. In summary, the results show that combining hyperspectral imaging and multivariate statistical methods is a powerful tool for quality control of complex polymer composites. Since the proposed method is rapid and nondestructive, one can implement it for on-line quality control of finished plastic products. On the other hand, texture analysis and multivariate methods can be applied for quantifying the mixing aspects of composites.|
|Document Type:||Thèse de doctorat|
|Open Access Date:||23 April 2018|
|Collection:||Thèses et mémoires|
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