Design et synthèse de nouveaux polymères pi-conjugués et optimisation de dispositifs photovoltaïques
|Abstract:||This thesis deals with the synthesis and the study of a new family of π-conjugated polymers based on the thieno[3,4-d]thiazole (TTz) moiety for their applications in photovoltaic devices. Complementary to this study, we also investiguated the scope of a new polymerization reaction, the direct (hetero)arylation polymerization (DHAP). First of all, a first series of conjugated polymers was synthesized by using the TTz moiety in combination with the benzo[1,2-b:4,5-b’]dithiophène (BDT) moiety as comonomer. The optical, electrochemical and photovoltaic characterization of those polymers led to interesting results regarding eventual applications in photovoltaic devices. Then, the study focused on the effet of the addition of aromatic lateral groups on the TTz moiety and the utilization of diffent electron-poor or electron-rich moieties as comonomers on the polymer optical and electrochemical properties. Even though a large diversity of optical and electrochemical properties were obtained, most polymers were not good candidate for photovoltaic applications. Then the study focuses on the firsts polymers synthesized based on the BDT and the TTz moieties. From this polymer structure, we develop a new series of polymers of the same family by adding thiophene spacers between the two comonomers and by using different alkyl chain at different positions in the optic to modify the morphologie obtained once the active layer is formed in the photovoltaic device. Photovoltaic devices were fabricated from those six polymers and, by a systematic optimization process, efficiencies reaching 4.89 % have been obtained with the polymer TTz-19. Finally, during this work, a new polymerization method allowing the reduction synthetic steps for the fabrication of polymers have been used. Following studies already started in our group, we investiguated the scope of the reaction by using two new electron-poor unit never used in DHAP, the furo[3,4-c]pyrrole-4,6-dione (FPD) and the selenopheno[3,4-c]pyrrole-4,6-dione (SePD). This study showed that the DHAP reaction can be easily and efficiently applied to those two new electron-poor moities to obtain polymers with high yields and high molecular weights.|
|Document Type:||Thèse de doctorat|
|Open Access Date:||23 April 2018|
|Collection:||Thèses et mémoires|
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