Brevet pharmaceutique et intérêt général : essai sur la prise en compte de l’intérêt général en droits international, canadien et européen des brevets

Authors: Gloglo, Midjohodo Franck
Advisor: Azzaria, Georges
Abstract: As far as we go back in history, protecting the public interest has always been associated with the patent system. However, the vagueness of the concept of public interest has very often raised a huge controversy about pharmaceutical patent, particularly the affordability of innovative and patented pharmaceuticals. Nevertheless, no one can deny the usefulness of pharmaceutical innovations, and the patent system strongly contributes to fostering inventions in this sector. In fact, a patent is a legal tool favourable to socio-economic growth, and the need for patented inventions justifies their economic value. Therefore, the patent system cannot, as such, be viewed as hindering access to pharmaceutical innovations. According to major studies, first without the patent system, a very large proportion of pharmaceuticals would have never been brought to market, and second the exclusion or expiration of patents do not promote a massive purchase of pharmaceutical products. Furthermore, the patent monopoly has time limitation, and the ban of pharmaceutical patents will certainly be accompanied with a lack of investment in research and development activities in the sector. Moreover, the patent system provides flexibilties for access to innovative pharmaceuticals. In short, this dissertation breaks new ground, from a Law and economics perspective, by overturning the traditional understanding of pharmaceutical patents that have generally been viewed as contrary to the protection of the public interest. In fact, the notion that pharmaceutical patents protect and promote the public interest refers to their worthy scientific and socio-economic advantages.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2015
Open Access Date: 23 April 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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