Étude du potentiel de stock de carbone d’espèces agroforestières et de leurs traits fonctionnels en lien avec les systèmes d’utilisation des terres au Sénégal

Authors: Marone, Diatta
Advisor: Munson, AlisonOlivier, Alain
Abstract: In Africa, agroforestry technologies play a major socio-economic role, but their potential and that of the principal woody species to contribute to carbon stocks is still poorly understood. As well, the potential of these species to respond to a changing environment is poorly documented. We measured the carbon stock of five local tree species (Acacia raddiana, Balanites aegyptiaca, Euphorbia balsamifera, Faidherbia albida and Neocarya macrophylla) and soil-plant carbon storage associated with three agroforestry technologies (fallow, park land, and rangeland) in three contrasting soil textures (clay, sandy and sandy loam). We evaluated the root depth distribution profile (RDD) and the specific root length (SRL) of these species under these conditions. Intraspecific variation in leaf traits (specific leaf area (SLA); leaf dry matter content (LDMC); leaf carbon and nitrogen content (LCC LNC); SRL, root carbon and nitrogen content (RCC, RNC) ) of these species was also investigated in three soil textures and over three seasons: rainy season (SP), hot dry season (SSC), and cool dry season (SSF). The carbon stored in biomass was higher in sandy soils, while clay soil showed the highest soil carbon stocks. Carbon stored in the soil-plant system was highest in fallow, compared to park land and to rangeland. The RDD did not change with either soil texture or agroforestry technology, and a maximum of root biomass was consistently observed between 40 and 60 cm deep. The SRL was higher in park lands, rangelands and sandy soils, with low soil organic matter, and in the SSC, the most stressful season. Evergreen species generally showed greater variability of traits in response to soil texture and season. Intraspecific variability of SLA was higher in SSC, while the opposite was observed for the SRL. During the SP, a positive correlation was noted between SLA and SRL. Short periods of fallow enriched by evergreen and deciduous nitrogen fixing species would contribute to increase the carbon stocks of degraded lands in these study sites.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2015
Open Access Date: 23 April 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/25721
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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