Application du Lidar aéroporté pour la caractérisation des vergers

Authors: Castellanos Belalcazar, Guido Fernando
Advisor: Viau, Alain; Gond, Valéry
Abstract: During the last twenty years, large technological advances in active airborne remote sensing have allowed its application to the forest and agricultural sectors. The Lidar sensor determines the distance and the position of an object, based on the time taken by a beam of light to reach the ground and to return to the sensor. Lidar has been successfully used in forestry studies because it results in a characterization of the structure of forest stands in three dimensions. Data collection is fast and non-intrusive. On the other hand, the fusion of Lidar data with multi-spectral data opens a large number of potential forestry applications because it provides information about the type of vegetation, the foliar density of trees, their phenology, as well as optical properties of certain species. The Financière Agricole de Québec (FADQ) in association with the Laboratoire de géomatique agricole et appliquée (GAAP), has used this technology to assess the yield and the quality of orchards in Québec. The present project aims at demonstrating the potential of Lidar and of multi-spectral data to show in 3D attributes of structure of individual apple trees such as the size of the crown and the estimation of the tree height. This then allows us to estimate the foliar biomass, the density of foliage and individual tree geo-positioning obtained by Lidar. The results of the tree counting and apple production estimations are compared with field data and with statistics from FADQ. The correlations are high, demonstrating that the Lidar method is able to accurately evaluate the production of apple orchards.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2008
Open Access Date: 20 April 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/25656
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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