Fabrication, caractérisation et optimisation de films cellulaires piézoélectriques en polypropylène

Authors: Gilbert-Tremblay, Hugues
Advisor: Mighri, FrejRodrigue, Denis
Abstract: Cellular piezoelectric polypropylene films have received a lot of interest over the last ten years thanks to their multiple advantages, mainly their piezoelectric coefficient comparable to the ones of traditional piezoelectric materials, their low cost of production and their malleability. Such films are fabricated by biaxial stretching of polypropylene sheets loaded with mineral filler previously obtained by extrusion. Despite the relative simplicity of this process, few information is available in the open literature about the influence of the manufacturing parameters on the piezoelectric effect. During the first steps, care must be given to polymer crystallinity, distribution and dispersion of the minerals and initial cellular morphology. The first article of the present work details the fabrication process and the effect of its different parameters. Then the films are inflated by a pressure treatment to optimize the cellular structure. When the film structure is done, the cellular films are charged by an exterior electric field. The latter step renders the film piezoelectric. For the second part of this work, the piezoelectric effect is characterized by dielectric resonance spectroscopy to determine the optimal density ratio and to compare the effects on piezoelectricity of different film parameters such as film thickness, final density and cell heights distribution. For this project, cellular polypropylene piezoelectric films were produced in industrial-like conditions with focus on the manufacturing parameters. With a weight fraction of 20% of industrial grade 12 µm CaCO3 and a slow cool down at 0,78°C/min following pressing, piezoelectric coefficients reached 216 pC/N for an optimal density ratio between 0,70 and 0,75.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2014
Open Access Date: 20 April 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/25628
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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