Application of tomography techniques to plastic scintillation dosimetry

Authors: Goulet, Mathieu
Advisor: Beaulieu, LucGingras, LucArchambault, Louis
Abstract: This thesis deals with the development of tools for the quality assurance of external beam radiotherapy. The main goal is to incorporate tomography processes to plastic scintillator dosimetry in order to conceive high resolution, precise, accurate and easy-to-use quality assurance devices. First, a long scintillating fiber response to an incoming radiation field is studied, and a fluence monitoring device is developed for the real-time validation of radiotherapy treatments. Using the light signal emitted from both sides of each fiber, both the interaction position of the incoming field and the fluence integral across the fiber can be measured, allowing for the detection of leaf errors of at least 2 mm at isocentre. The theoretical response model previously developed is then applied to the tomographic reconstruction of dose distributions measured using a rotating matrix of long scintillating fibers. The dose reconstructed using this 2D dosimeter is in agreement with the calculations from the treatment planning software up to a maximum difference of 2% in the low dose gradient regions. The concept of tomographic dosimetry, or tomodosimetry, is then applied to 3D dose measurements using concentric, cylindrical planes of fibers. By simulating the rotation of these planes around the dosimeter central axis and by interpolating in three dimensions the obtained 2D doses, the 3D dosimeter is able to reconstruct the initial input dose with a deviation of maximum 1% outside of high dose gradient regions. Finally, the iterative reconstruction principles demonstrated for long scintillating fibers are applied to a scintillator volume imaged using a plenoptic camera. By re-projecting the projections acquired by the camera sensor pixels inside the scintillator volume, the 3D dosimeter is able to reconstruct the dose in real time with a maximal deviation of 3% in the low dose gradient regions. This study concludes that the union of tomography and dosimetry enables the development of a new generation of quality assurance devices, combining both spatial resolution and user-friendliness.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2014
Open Access Date: 20 April 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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