Applications of frequency combs in remote sensing

Authors: Boudreau, Sylvain
Advisor: Genest, Jérôme
Abstract: The goal of this thesis is to explore the potential applications of frequency combs for remote sensing. For this purpose, three comb-based configurations are studied. For each of these configurations, an analysis of their workings is performed and their advantages and disadvantages are discussed. Experimental setups based on those configurations were built in laboratory. The detection capabilities of the techniques are demonstrated through experimental measurements. The first configuration that is studied enables passive sampling of an external optical source. Using this technique, it is possible to compute the spectrum of the considered source by interferometrically combining it with the pulses from a pair of frequency combs. A stochastic study of the technique is performed to assess its performance limits. Coherent and incoherent sources with high-resolution spectral content are measured. The second technique uses a configuration called incoherent that enables active characterization of a target. Using this technique, it is possible to perform range-resolved hyperspectral measurements of an observed scene. A hyperspectral lidar setup was designed and assembled in laboratory with the goal of performing outdoors measurements of targets at distances up to 175 m. The sensing capabilities of the system are shown for hard and distributed targets, in the form of aerosol clouds. Molecular absorption measurements, as well as thickness measurements for both transparent and translucent targets, are shown. Using the coherent configuration, which is the third one that was considered, it is possible to make active measurements of a target by using one of the pulse trains as a local oscillator. The use of a local oscillator opens the door to high sensitivity vibrometry, which is impossible with the incoherent configuration. An analytical model for the power collection capabilities of a single-transverse-mode system, which has to be used for coherent measurements, is developed and experimentally validated. The usual referencing technique, which is used to correct for fluctuations in comb parameters, is modified and adapted to the case of coherent vibrometry. Range-resolved vibrometry measurements are performed, demonstrating the capability of the system to extract a human voice signal from the vibrations of a wall.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2014
Open Access Date: 20 April 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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