Intérêt de la déformation longitudinale globale du ventricule gauche chez les patients atteints de sténose aortique à bas débit et bas gradient avec basse fraction d'éjection

Authors: Dahou, Abdellaziz
Advisor: Pibarot, PhilippeRodés-Cabau, Josep
Abstract: Aortic stenosis is the most common valvular heart disease in developed countries. Approximately, 5 to 10 % of patients with severe aortic stenosis have a low cardiac output with impaired left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). The presence of a low cardiac output can distort the assessment of the severity of the aortic stenosis and thus lead to non-adequate therapeutic decision. Two main challenges are posed by these patients. The first is to differentiate a truly severe AS from a pseudo-severe AS, i.e. a failing left ventricle unable to fully open valve slightly or moderately stenotic. This distinction is crucial because the aortic valve replacement will be beneficial only in the case of true-severe AS. The second challenge is to accurately quantify myocardial damage. To this effect, the contractile reserve is important to assess because patients who do not have contractile reserve have a high risk of operative mortality following AVR. Unfortunately, traditional parameters derived from rest or stress echocardiography that are used to assess the severity of AS and myocardial dysfunction are not adequate in low flow state. Therefore, quantification of the disease severity and the ensuing therapeutic management may not be appropriate in a large proportion of these patients. The main objective of this project is to determine the usefulness of left ventricular longitudinal deformation measured at rest and during stress echocardiography with dobutamine for risk stratification and its impact on prognosis and management of patients with low-gradient aortic stenosis with impaired LVEF. Our hypothesis is as follows: The left ventricular global longitudinal strain is superior to the LVEF to predict mortality in patients having LF-LG AS with low EF included in the TOPAS study.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2014
Open Access Date: 20 April 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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