Caractérisation d’un gène de résistance contre la tordeuse des bourgeons de l’épinette (Choristoneura fumiferana) chez l’épinette blanche (Picea glauca (Voss) Moench)

Authors: Germanos, Gaby
Advisor: MacKay, JohnBauce, Éric
Abstract: A localized spruce budworm (Choristoneura fumiferana) outbreak that took place in a white spruce plantation (Picea glauca (Voss.) Moench) left some trees almost untouched while many others had severe defoliation. Expression of agene coding for a beta-glucosidase enzyme was identified (Pgβglu-1) and was linked to the accumulation of two acetophenones in the foliage of resistant trees. We propose that the expression variation of Pgβglu-1 involve regulation that is unique to resistant trees. Our results establish a correlation between gene expression, the accumulation of biologically active acetophenones and the most destructive larval instar of the insect. Our results also show that Pgβglu-1expression is genetically transmitted and can be induced. Coding DNA sequences of the gene were obtained but no differences were observed that could differentiate between resistant and non-resistant trees. A deeper understanding of the phenomenon could help in the development of an integrated management aiming to mitigate damage caused during outbreaks.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2014
Open Access Date: 20 April 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/25304
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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