Développement d'un procédé d'oxydation avancée pour le traitement d'effluents aqueux contaminés par des polluants réfractaires : étude d'un procédé de décharge plasma à pression atmosphérique couplé à un catalyseur supporté

Authors: Lesage, Olivier
Advisor: Mantovani, D.; Ognier, Stéphanie
Abstract: The aim of this research lies in the development and optimization of an advanced oxidation process dedicated to wastewater treatment. This process combines an atmospheric plasma discharge with an immobilized catalyst (Ag-DLC) in order to generate hydroxyl radicals. The novelty of this work relies in the use of a falling thin film system (thickness < 1mm) to promote the interaction between plasma discharge, the solution and the catalytic surface. The results demonstrate the interest of employing a Dielectric Barrier Discharge configuration instead of a Glidarc system. Indeed, the Glidarc system leads to a too high production level of NOx. The efficiencies of these two processes were respectively 0,67 g.kWh-1 and 0,23 g.kWh-1 for the DBD and the Glidarc system. Moreover, the influence of the counter-electrode / flowing plate material on the process efficiency was pointed out. Compared to stainless steel, the presence of corrosion reactions on the brass surface produced NO2- and thus, reduced the process efficiency. The production of HO⋅ radicals at the plasma / water interface was estimated to be 4,4.10-9 molHO.J-1 by the use of 1D CFD modeling. Side reactions such as HO⋅ recombinaison appear as the major limiting factors. Futhermore the model demonstrates that the time needed to complete all the chemical reactions was less than 1 µs and these reactions occurred only in the first 5% of the top liquid film. Finally with an Ag-DLC based catalytic coating elaborated by RF-PECVD, the efficiency was increased to 10% compared to the best efficiency observed with the non-catalytic system. Keywords : Advanced Oxidation Process, Dielectric barrier discharge, Glidarc, depollution, rf-PECVD, Diamond-Like Carbon, catalyst, silver, CFD modelling.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2014
Open Access Date: 20 April 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/25272
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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