Filamentation induced nonlinear optics

Authors: Yuan, Shuai
Advisor: Chin, See Leang; Zeng, Heping
Abstract: Femtosecond laser filamentation, which originates from a dynamic equilibrium between Kerr self-focusing and defocusing by the self-generated plasma produced by multiphoton/tunnel ionization of air molecules, has attracted a lot of scientific applications such as remote sensing of atmospheric pollutants, molecular identification by the alignment of molecules, etc. However, there are many nonlinear processes taking place during filamentation. From the application point of view, it is important to have a good understanding of the detailed physics behind filamentation induced nonlinear optics. Since there are many nonlinear phenomena and applications for filamentation, the thesis only focuses on few aspects of filamentation. Those are: the polarization rotation in atomic/molecular gases, the lasing action of water molecules in air, the humidity calibration through the filament-induced spectroscopy, as well as the fluorescence enhancement by plasma grating. The polarization rotation of an initially linearly polarized probe pulse was studied in atomic/molecular gases. In atomic gases, the ultrafast birefringence induced by Kerr effect was quantitatively measured. In molecular gases, the birefringence and the polarization states of the output probe were modulated at the rotational revival of molecule. We also experimentally investigate the filament-induced fluorescence from the dissociated fragments in air. Fluorescence emissions from OH free radicals at 308.9 nm and NH free radicals at 336.0 nm were observed in air. The backscattered fluorescence from both OH and NH exhibited an exponential increase with increasing filament length, indicating amplified spontaneous emission. We have further investigated the filament-induced fluorescence spectroscopy from a plasma grating. The plasma grating was generated by non-collinearly overlapping temporally synchronized filaments in air. A series of spectral lines from the excited fragments of CN was observed. The fluorescence intensity from CN radicals in plasma grating was much stronger as compared to the case of temporally separated filaments.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2014
Open Access Date: 20 April 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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