Étude des représentations sociales du développement durable dans une perspective didactique : une contribution à la formation des enseignants à l'éducation au développement durable : le cas des futurs enseignants québécois et français de sciences de la nature et de sciences humaines et sociales
|Advisor:||Bader, Barbara; Legardez, Alain|
|Abstract:||In accordance with international recommendations, many countries have implemented national policies on education for sustainable development (ESD). These policies have, for example, been gradually integrated into the school systems of France and Quebec. This has consequences for both teachers and teacher training, which will vary in importance depending on the extent to which ESD has been integrated into the curriculum. This research aims to identify how future Quebecois teachers of science and technology and social studies, on the one hand, and future French teachers of the life and earth sciences and history and geography, on the other hand, represent sustainable development and ESD. To this end, a multi-methodological approach was used that draws on two complementary tools, a questionnaire and semi-structured interviews. A theoretical framework built around the concepts of social representations (SR) and socially acute questions together with a critical-interpretative posture guide the reading and interpretation of the results, highlighting the emergence of a hidden ESD curriculum and a posture of tacit partiality in the guise of the future teachers’ neutrality. The study brings to light a social representation of SD that is nested in the SR of the environment-resources among the four sub-populations surveyed as well as socio-cultural and/or professional-disciplinary specificities, which are manifested in particular by the integration of social, political and institutional dimensions. Based on the data collected, four areas of tension were identified among the future teachers interviewed; these reflect the existence of two approaches to ESD: one transmissive, and the other transformative and social constructivist. These tensions are related to questions of neutrality, the teaching of controversy, goals and interdisciplinarity. This study thus provides an in-depth, up-to-date clarification of the factors that support or hinder the institutionalization of a critical ESD. Finally, it includes proposals for educational intervention in teacher training so as to develop future teachers’ critical skills, to enrich their representations of SD and to develop their awareness of the issues related to its introduction into the educational sphere so that they can make rational decisions about their potential involvement in ESD. Key words: social representations, education for sustainable development, contexts, socially acute questions, teacher training, critical education.|
|Document Type:||Thèse de doctorat|
|Open Access Date:||20 April 2018|
|Collection:||Thèses et mémoires|
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