Développement d'une plateforme de microscopie en imagerie de fluorescence en temps de vie (FLIM) et de nanoparticules plasmoniques fluorescentes

Authors: Ouellet, Samuel
Advisor: Boudreau, Denis
Abstract: Fluorescence spectroscopy is a powerful analytical method used in many areas. Nevertheless, organic fluorescent molecules show some disadvantages like variable quantum yield and fast photobleaching. Moreover, most of fluorescent dyes are hydrophobic and dynamic quenching can occur. To push the limit of this technique, it is useful to boost properties of fluorescent molecules to overcome those disadvantages. Metal enhanced fluorescence can increase the overall luminescence of fluorophore dyes. Superluminescent plasmonic nanoprobes have been developed in the lab. Those nanoparticles are made of a silver core surrounded by a fluorescent silica shell doped with fluorescein (Ag@SiO2). The metallic nanoparticle interacts strongly with the electromagnetic field of incident light at a certain frequency to create an oscillating electron cloud called a localized surface plasmon. The resonant frequency of the plasmonic band is affected by nanoparticle characteristics like shape, size and composition. Enhanced fluorescence is characterised by an increased luminescence and a shortened lifetime of fluorescence. The characterization of those properties is made in a cuvette and thus reflects the averaged properties of a heterogenous population of particles dispersed in a liquid. In this project, a microscopy platform enabling the acquisition, on the same particle, of the intensity, the fluorescence lifetime and the plasmonic band have been assembled. In addition, a method has been developed to localise nanoparticles on a solid substrate to complement the measurements mentioned above by information on the nanoparticles’ shape and size using scanning electron microscopy. The influence of the nano-objects’ morphology on the plasmonic band, the fluorescence intensity and the lifetime can then be studied. This platform regroups on a single microscope fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy, dark field imaging and scattering spectroscopy.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2014
Open Access Date: 20 April 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/24995
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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