Modélisation et interpolation spatiale 3D pour l'étude de l'écosystème pélagique marin

Authors: Sahlin, Per Jonas
Advisor: Mostafavi, Mir AbolfazlBabin, Marcel
Abstract: Spatial modeling of the marine pelagic ecosystem is challenging due to its dynamic and volumetric nature. Consequently, conventional oceanographic spatial analysis of this environment is in a 2D environment, limited to static cutting planes in horizontal and vertical sections to present various phenomena. However, the study of the marine pelagic ecosystem can benefit from 3D spatial modeling. The main contribution of this study is to show that recent advances in 3D spatial modeling tools developed primarily for geological modeling can be exploited to extend the usual interpretation of marine pelagic phenomena from a 2D to a 3D environment. This study also fills a major gap identified in the literature by examining the performance of 3D spatial interpolation methods. Such interpolation is an essential step in 3D spatial modeling of continuous phenomena (eg, salinity, temperature, etc.), but no study has yet evaluated its performance for the marine pelagic environment. Accordingly, this study constitutes an important step towards the development of a complete 3D marine GIS. The benefits of migrating to a 3D spatial modeling of the marine environment are discussed in the context of the oceanographic campaign ArcticNet-Malina, conducted in the Beaufort Sea (Canadian Arctic) in 2009. 3D spatial representations based on a robust and optimal 3D interpolation strategy for five pelagic variables (temperature, chlorophyll a, particulate attenuation coefficient, distribution of upper halocline water mass and vertical flux of particulate organic carbon) of the ArcticNet-Malina campaign are presented and their ecological values are discussed.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2014
Open Access Date: 20 April 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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