High surface area mesoporous perovskites for catalytic applications

Authors: Muraleedharan Nair, Mahesh
Advisor: Kleitz, FreddyKaliaguine, S.
Abstract: Perovskites are mixed metal oxides that can be represented by the general formula ABO3. Since the initial report regarding their catalytic activity, these materials have received immense research attention worldwide. Perovskites are proven to be cost effective and efficient alternatives to noble metals for various total/partial oxidation as well as synthetic chemical reactions. Additionally these mixed metal oxides are well known for their high temperature stability, high mobility of oxygen and the stabilization of unusual cation oxidation states. For these reasons various strategies were developed for the synthesis of these materials. However perovskites synthesized using conventional methods generally result in low specific surface area materials, which is a major drawback as far as catalytic applications are concerned. This pertinent lower value of surface area is resulting from the high temperature treatment involved in the synthesis of these materials. This issue was taken up and in the present project the first goal was to obtain perovskite structured mixed metal oxides with high specific surface area. Nanocasting is a recently developed solid templating method that is proven to be efficient for the synthesis of various chemical compositions with extremely high values of specific surface area. By applying this method a series of LaBO3 (B = Mn, Ni, Co, Fe) perovskites were synthesized and these materials were found to posses extremely high values of specific surface areas (up to 150 m2g-1). Initial tests for the total oxidation of methanol as a probe molecule confirmed that these novel materials are highly active catalysts, especially LaMnO3. Further studies confirmed that the enhanced activity was obviously related to the higher specific surface areas and higher amount of adsorbed oxygen species obtained for the nanocast perovskites in comparison with the bulk. Our results demonstrated the proportionality of reaction rates to the specific surface area of the catalyst. In a following study, we chose dry reforming of methane, since this reaction involves the conversion of two green house gases (CH4 and CO2) into syngas (CO + H2), which is more industrially relevant. Promising results were obtained in this case also using nanocast LaNiO3 as a pre-catalyst. Enhanced efficiency and stability were observed for Ni/La2O3 catalysts derived from nanocast LaNiO3 in comparison to its bulk counterpart. In particular, these materials were found to be coke resistant for 48 hours under the conditions of dry reforming.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2014
Open Access Date: 20 April 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/24829
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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