Reconstruction des technologies de production métallique employées par les artisans européens et amérindiens du XVIe au XVIIIe siècle au Canada

Authors: Treyvaud, Geneviève
Advisor: Auger, Réginald; Besse, Marie
Abstract: This thesis aims to document the context in which metallurgy occured during the transition period and the colonisation of New France and, through the application of theoretical concepts, principally that of the chaînes opératoires of Leroi-Ghouran developed in his study, L’homme et la Matière, conducted in 1943, to provide a better understanding of an important period in the colonial history of North America. Topics specifi c to the processing of metals, the craftsmanship of objects and the infl uence of technology have only been briefly described in studies of material culture in North America. Knowledge concerning metalworkers as well as the social and economic impact of their craft during the 17th and 18th centuries is limited. This research focuses on the study of the chaînes opératoires and the metallurgical techniques employed by Native American and European artisans, as well as the technological choices made throughout the process of metal production during a period of technological adaptation to the environment of New France. The artefacts are studied using tomography (CT scan) and by principles of materials engineering with the goals of identifying the source of the metal, the technical sig nature of the artisans, and the technological problems related to a lack of raw material, as well as to climate and fuel.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2013
Open Access Date: 20 April 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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