L'effet de la réalité virtuelle sur l'anxiété de performance et sur la qualité de la prestation des musiciens

Authors: Bissonnette, Josiane
Advisor: Moreno Sala, Maria TeresaDubé, FrancisProvencher, Martin D.
Abstract: Music performance anxiety affects numerous musicians and many of them report impairment of their performance due to this problem(Fishbein, Middlestadt, Ottati, Strauss et Ellis, 1988). Virtual reality exposure is increasing as a mode of treatment of anxiety disorders (Olatunji, Cisler et Deacon, 2010; Powers & Emmelkamp, 2008).This doctoral thesis examined a virtual reality exposure training program conceived for the treatment of music performance anxiety. The first objective of this thesis is to analyze the evolution of music performance anxiety and the quality of performance during the virtual training program. The second objective is to estimate the effects of virtual exposure on music performance anxiety and on the quality of the performance of participants during in vivo performance. Seventeen music students were paired and randomly assigned to a control group (n = 8) or to a virtual training group (n = 9). Participants were asked to play a musical piece by memory during two public recitals at three week intervals. Their anxiety was then measured using the Personal Report of Confidence as a Performer scale (PRCP), the S-Anxiety scale from the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI-Y), the Subjective Units of Distress Scale (SUDS), and by measuring pulse rate. The virtual reality exposure training consisted of six one-hour long sessions of virtual exposure. Findings concerning the virtual reality exposure training indicate a significant decrease of performance anxiety between sessions. The results also indicate a significant increase of performance quality during virtual reality training sessions. Results of the pre- and post-test indicate a significant decrease in performance anxiety for the following participants: (a) musicians in treatment group with a high level of situational anxiety (S-Anxiety), (b) musicians with a high level of trait anxiety (T-Anxiety), (c) for women musicians and (d) for musicians with high immersive tendencies (ITQ). Finally, we observed a significant increase of quality of performance for the experimental group, but not for the control group between pre- and post-test.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2013
Open Access Date: 20 April 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/24772
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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