Fabrication and characterization of new and highly hydrophobic hollow fiber membranes for CO₂ capture in membrane contactors

Authors: Mosadegh Sedghi, Sanaz
Advisor: Iliuta, Maria-CornéliaBrisson, JoséeRodrigue, Denis
Abstract: In this work, highly hydrophobic low density polyethylene (LDPE) hollow fiber membranes aiming to be used for CO2 capture in gas-liquid membrane contactors (GLMC) were fabricated using a simple, novel method, without solvent or diluents, economic and environmentally friendly, which does not require any mechanical or thermal post-treatments. In order to produce hollow fibers and control their porosity, the process combines melt extrusion and template-leaching techniques. A mixture of LDPE and NaCl particles first produce blends with different salt contents. A microporous structure and a rough highly hydrophobic surface can then be produced by leaching the salt particles from the hollow fiber matrix via immersion in water. The new method represents a very promising alternative to conventional membrane fabrication approaches which are mainly based on phase inversion process that involves toxic and expensive solvents. The fabricated membranes were characterized in terms of morphology, density, porosity and pore size distribution, hydrophobicity, breakthrough pressure and mechanical properties. Since the phenomenon of membrane wetting by liquid absorbents is the major cause of the reduction of long-term efficiency of GLMC, a comprehensive study on the compatibility between membrane and absorbent liquid was performed. Morphological, chemical and thermal stability of LDPE membranes in contact with different aqueous alkanolamine solutions including monoethanolamine (MEA) and 2-amino-2-hydroxymethyl-1,3-propanediol (AHPD), as well as blends of MEA/PZ (piperazine) and AHPD/PZ, was investigated in detail.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2013
Open Access Date: 19 April 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/24658
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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