Pour une sociologie du pouvoir : essai de définition du phénomène du pouvoir et de sa caractérisation typologique à partir de l'ontologie de Castoriadis

Authors: Lépine, Patrice
Advisor: Clain, Olivier
Abstract: This thesis is a theoretical essay on the question of power. There are two main perspectives in the traditional approach of power, the institutional perspective and the relational one. The definition we develop does not correspond to the two traditional perspectives, which neglect imaginary significations when defining power. Rooted in the philosophy of Castoriadis, our theory clearly distinguishes the concept of power from those of society and of politics. Instead of a capacity of the whole society or even a relation, we believe it must first be understood as the product of actors who are the embodiment of historically determined collective meanings. It is a social-historical imaginary embodied by a social group, which also receives broad support in society. This phenomenon exists in all societies, past, present or future. It supposes and aims for the freedom of individuals. Moreover, it does not include nor exclude violence, which is only a possible strategy, neither essential nor against its nature. The exercise of power involves four dimensions that are widely discussed in sociology and political science, namely the action, the norm, the will and the identity. Types stand at the crossroads of the foundation and the finality of the social-historical imaginary of each power. Thus we distinguish democracy, tyranny and two kinds of authority, transcendent authoritarian power, which takes place in traditional or religious societies, and immanent authoritarian power, which corresponds to totalitarianism as well as some archaic societies, empires and contemporary societies that are subject to the immanent authoritarian power of capital.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2013
Open Access Date: 19 April 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/24605
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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