La question de l'apologétique dans la pensée théologique de Paul Tillich : d'une apologétique de l'attaque à une apologétique de la réponse

Authors: Mathot, Benoit-André
Advisor: Nault, FrançoisBoss, Marc
Abstract: According to Tillich, apologetics means to «defend» the Christian faith when it is under threat, and to «answer for it» in the face of opponents. Thus, in the context of the growing secularization of culture, where the claims of religion to organize and govern society are increasingly challenged, it was normal for apologetics to take a significant place in theological thought. A significant shift may be noted in Tillich’s approach to this concept. Indeed, far from proposing a purely dualistic approach to apologetics, which would for exemple oppose a Christ truth to atheist doubt, Tillich always strived to meet his atheist interlocutor on a «common ground». This criterion of a common ground will remain the central criterion for Tillich as well as a guiding thread in his understanding of apologetics, even though the concept itself evolved over time in his thought. Other criteria will indeed be emphasized, especially in his teaching in Germany. In order to examine similarities and discontinuities in Tillich’s understanding of apologetics, we have organized our research in a chronological order, tackling the main texts where the term «apologetics» explicitly appeared. As a result, we have distinguished between two main paradigms in Tillich’s understanding of apologetics, namely apologetics as an attack and apologetics as a response. In broad outline, the first paradigm would belong to the German period and the second to the American period. It should also be noted that our research begins with the writings of the year 1913, that is to say with texts written before the first teaching period, and that it ends with a backward analysis of our subjet through the examination of the relations between Tillich and Barth, in which the very possibility of an apologetical process is at stake.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2013
Open Access Date: 19 April 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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