Potentiel des boues secondaires comme co-adhésifs de l'urée-formaldéhyde dans la fabrication des panneaux de particules
|Advisor:||Riedl, Bernard; Koubaa, Ahmed|
|Abstract:||The objective of this work is to recycle secondary sludge (SS) and explore its potential as co-adhesive for Urea-formaldehyde (UF) adhesives used in particleboard manufacturing. We hypothesized that it is possible to use the SS as co-adhesive for the manufacture of composite panels made of wood particles. First, we modified UF resin by the addition of SS to synthesize a new co-adhesive. The results of the first approach showed that the curing time of the resin is very short and it was concluded that this approach is not applicable on an industrial scale. Although the first approach is rejected, some conclusions can be drawn: 1) The characteristics of the SS vary with the papermaking process, the plant and the sampling time. 2) Dynamic scanning calorimetry (DSC) thermograms show that the influence of SS on UF cure is noticeable. 3) Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) showed that there is an optimal ratio between the chemi-thermo-mechanical pulping CTMP (B) SS and UF. The second approach is to add SS in-situ in the process of panel making in different proportions. This approach is technically feasible and has been tested with SS from the three different sources (TMP, CTMP and Kraft). Preliminary trials were done. Then, a final experimental dispositive was set up to evaluate the potential of SS from these different processes as co-adhesives. Factors are the UF resin content (3 levels), the SS source (3 sources) and the proportion of SS (3 proportions). There was an optimal ratio of SS/UF according to the values of internal bond (IB) of particleboards from the preliminary trials. SS cannot be used as an adhesive alone for particleboards. In general, results of this study indicated that the use of SS from three different pulping processes as co-adhesive have several advantages including the possibility of manufacturing particleboards at reduced urea formaldehyde (UF) resin content and wood particles content, value-added utilization of pulp and paper sludge and, especially, reduction in formaldehyde emissions. The reduction of formaldehyde emission with the recycling of SS as co-adhesive has the most significant environmental benefit.|
|Document Type:||Thèse de doctorat|
|Open Access Date:||19 April 2018|
|Collection:||Thèses et mémoires|
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