Caractéristiques acoustiques des voyelles fermées tendues, relâchées et allongées en français québécois

Authors: Sigouin, Caroline
Advisor: Arnaud, Vincent
Abstract: This study aims to acoustically describe tense, lax and lengthened variants of close vowels /i y u/ in Quebec French which, under stress, are found in open syllable, closed syllable and syllable closed by a lengthening consonant, respectively. To do so, we analysed the speech of 30 speakers from Rouyn-Noranda, Saguenay and Quebec who produced 1350 tokens of the variants under study. Their duration have been measured then the fundamental frequency and the central frequency of the first three formants (F1, F2, F3) have been estimated at 25, 50 and 75% of this duration. Tense variants exhibit the lowest F1 values while lax variants present the highest ones; the lengthened variants taking place in between. During the emission, lengthened variants show the most important trajectories in an F1 / F2 plane.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2013
Open Access Date: 19 April 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/24580
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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