Estimating the time and angle of arrivals in mobile communications

Authors: Elahian, Bahareh
Advisor: Grenier, DominiqueFortier, Paul
Abstract: In this project, we present a novel and precise way of estimating the direction and delay of arrivals in multipath environment for channel estimation purposes. Recently, super-resolution methods have been widely used for high resolution Direction Of Arrival (DOA) or Time Difference Of Arrival (TDOA) estimation. The proposed algorithm in this work is applicable to space-time channel estimation for space-time processing systems that employ hybrid DOA/TDOA technology. The estimator is based on the conventional MUSIC algorithm to find the DOA and by using a simple correlator it is possible to find the delay of each arrival. It is of interest to associate each angle to its proper delay to be able to estimate the characteristics of the channel when we have no knowledge about the transmitted sequence. To do this, we suggest a very simple and optimal beamforming method by performing Maximum Variance Distortion-less Response (MVDR). This beamforming maximizes the desired signal in the desired direction compare to the other signals that come from other directions. After finding the DOAs by MUSIC algorithm and selecting our desired direction, we obtain the signal from this direction by applying MVDR beamforming. Then, we perform a correlation between this signal and the others incoming signals from other directions. The peaks in the simulation figures illustrate the delay between each source with the obtained signal from MVDR. If we subtract the delay of the first arrival (the smallest delay in time), from the delays indicated in the figures, we can obtain the delay of each arrival. To be more precise, the mean of these estimated TOAs vector follows the exact TOA of each source.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2013
Open Access Date: 19 April 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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