Corrélats neuroanatomiques de la dépression gériatrique concomitante au trouble cognitif léger : données en neuroimagerie anatomique

Authors: Morin, Jean-François
Advisor: Duchesne, SimonHudon, Carol
Abstract: Objectives First, we sought to identify HC and ERC volume reductions in aMCI and LLD with a narrative review. Second, we explored whether or not there existed differences in terms of HC and EC volume reduction between aMCI/D+, aMCI/D- and LLD. Method We examined the extent of HC and EC atrophy as reported in 16 aMCI and 10 LLD studies. Then, we proceeded to the pilot project. HC and EC were manually traced by an expert and statistical analyses (ANOVA, one-way ANOVA, regression model, classical regression and boostrap regression) were done by a statistician. Results The narrative review revealed that total HC volume reduction was significant in 92% of aMCI and 50% of LLD studies. The pilot project showed that left HC was considerably smaller in aMCI/D- than in LLD and aMCI/D+. Similarly, right HC was smaller in aMCI/D- than in LLD and aMCI/D+. Left EC had a lower mean value in aMCI/D+ than aMCI/D- and LLD. Right EC appeared to be approximately equal between aMCI/D+, aMCI/D- and LLD. Conclusion Total HC volume reduction was significant in almost 100% of aMCI and 50% of LLD studies of the narrative review.Volume loss of total and lateralized HC in LLD studies seemed fairly similar to that of aMCI studies in terms of percentage. Post hoc power analysis revealed that the number of participants in each group should be increased to detect significant volumetric differences. One of the goals of this pilot project was to provide recommendations in order to improve the design of the research before a larger experiment.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2013
Open Access Date: 19 April 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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