La violence conjugale chez les couples où l'homme est perçu par sa conjointe comme un joueur problématique

Authors: Goulet, Annie
Advisor: Giroux, Isabelle
Abstract: Problem gambling is associated with many negative consequences that affect both gamblers and their relatives, mostly their female partner. Literature has demonstrated that problem gambling was associated with difficult conjugal relationships, characterized by tensions and poor communication. Although the relationship between gambling problems and intimate partner violence is gaining interest in the literature, still very little is known about this actual connection, especially in terms of the various manifestations violence can take among these couples. This thesis is comprised of two articles for which self-reported data from 156 women in a heterosexual relationship, 54 viewing their partner as having a gambling problem and 102 not viewing their partner as having such a gambling problem, were used. The first article aims to provide a detailed picture of the most documented types of violence occurring among these couples, that is, sexual, psychological and verbal violence. The results demonstrate that more female partners of problem gamblers consider having instigated physical violence and severe forms of psychological and physical violence against their partner. These women also are more numerous to reveal having been victims of physical, psychological/verbal violence more frequently, as well as having been victims of the most severe forms of these types of violence. No between group difference was found for sexual violence. The results support the hypothesis according to which there is a greater occurrence of intimate partner violence both instigated by and inflicted upon the female partners of problem gamblers. Those results highlight a lack of coping and conflict management skills thus making necessary, in an interventionist perspective, the inclusion of a section of therapy dedicated to equip those couples. The second article aims to explore economical violence, a type of intimate partner violence rarely addressed in the literature, among couples in which women view their partner as having a gambling problem by comparing them to the other women, and by assessing the control strategies they use to restrain their partner’s gambling habits. Results indicate that more female partners of problem gamblers than other women reveal having instigated and having been victims of economical violence. An instrument specifically designed for this study allowed women to describe the reasons underlying each endorsed behavior. The reasons mentioned by the problem gamblers’ partners, although diverse, attribute to the economical violence used a protection role whereas the violence received is mainly seen as a means for the gambling male partner to maintain his gambling activities. Furthermore, female partners of problem gamblers tend to use a priori adequate gambling habit control strategies, such as discussing with their partner, suggesting help resources, managing bank cards and making a budget, whereas other mentioned strategies, such as controlling the gambler, reproaching, blaming and threatening, most likely correspond to economical violence. The difficulties and the importance of properly assessing this complex dimension of intimate partner violence among couples where the male partner is a problem gambler are discussed and recommendations are given, both for research and clinical practice. The present thesis is innovative and rich in that it provides a detailed picture of the violence that occurs among couples having to deal with the inappropriate gambling habits of one partner and also in that it introduces a new instrument to assess economical violence.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2013
Open Access Date: 19 April 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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