Évaluation du bénéfice technico-économique lié à l'utilisation de technologies drainantes géocomposite dans les chaussées flexibles en contexte climatique nordique

Authors: Savoie, Catherine
Advisor: Doré, GuyBilodeau, Jean-Pascal
Abstract: Water infiltration in road structures can lead to important changes in its mechanical response. If in excess, the water can induce bearing capacity loss in the different aggregate layers composing the road structure. The diminution in the mechanical properties is likely to reflect itself prematurely through different mechanisms like fatigue cracking, rutting, pot hole, etc.. In order to prevent the loss of service life, it is important to take measures to prevent excess water infiltration in the granular layers of the infrastructure. Many mitigation techniques have been incorporated to road conceptions in order to prevent this phenomenon. Geocomposite drainage systems are among those. Despite all the research that has been conducted on this matter in the last years, decision maker and the scientific community are skeptical as for the actual earnings generated by the installation of a drainage technology in the pavement structure. The purpose of this study is thus to demonstrate that the additional cost generated by the addition of drainage technologies in road structures is reflected by a faster recuperation of the mechanical properties of the infrastructure and an increase of its service life. In order to validate this hypothesis, a small scale experimental road was constructed in laboratory and a full scale experimental road was constructed in the Laval University experimental site. Laboratory tests were conducted on four different drainage configuration that were reproduced in the field were a fifth section was added. Laboratory trails enabled to record noticeable amelioration between the four tested sections in terms of the recuperation rate of normalised modulus. Although the field results were not as pronounced as in laboratory, they enabled to note trend to faster recovery of the mechanical properties. Damage calculations showed gains in service life (ECAS) from 0.92 to 1.29%. However, the economical analysis showed that gains recorded during one drainage period following a thaw cycle was not sufficient to justify the extra costs. Nevertheless, there still are many factors that have not been considered in this analysis that could potentially contribute to the increase in the calculated gains.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2013
Open Access Date: 19 April 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/24454
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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