L'intégration du XO dans les environnements d'apprentissage : cas à l'école ÉNS/B au Gabon
|Abstract:||This study aims to understand and illustrate the pedagogical integration of the XO computer in a school located in a popular area of Libreville Gabon, ENS/B School. The integration activity of the XO in that school is part of a comprehensive plan to reform the Gabonese education system initiated by the Ministry of Education. It is also an effort to introduce Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) in order for the education system to adapt to the global environment of the information society, and in a way guided by UNESCO’s recommendations (2008, 2010, 2011). The study relied heavily on activity theory to highlight the tensions that emerged in the activity system of the teachers (unit of analysis used) with regard to the integration of the XO. Various concepts of this theory, and among others, the zone of proximal development (Vygotsky, 1978), dual stimulation (Laitinen & Sannino, 2011), and the cycle of expansive learning (Engeström, 1987) were used to support teachers’ transformation of their activity system through tension resolution. The overall thesis led to the identification of two types of tensions. The first category is described within the teachers’ system of activity, and refers to their narrow receptivity to tools that fall outside of the official educational program. It also refers to the dilemmas face by teachers regarding the XO as an educational tool not yet specified in the curricula, the rules that controlled their intrasystemic interrelationships, and the roles of the different actors involved. The second category concerns the tensions caused by the weakening of boundaries between teachers’ activity system and other activity systems with which they have constant interrelationships. However, if intrasystemic tensions proved to be a springboard for expanding the XO integration activity in teaching practices as we witnessed the emergence of an informal sharing and production of joint educational scenarios, intersystemic tensions tended to paralyze the expansion of the activity to the point where it was difficult for teachers to use the XO in a meaningful way, one that could positively transform their classroom practice. Keywords: Digital Revolution, social change, community learning, community of practice, community knowledge building, zone of proximal development, dual stimulation cycle of expansive learning, intersystemic borders.|
|Document Type:||Thèse de doctorat|
|Open Access Date:||19 April 2018|
|Collection:||Thèses et mémoires|
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