Les représentations socio-spatiales de la ville et de son territoire métropolitain : une étude de cas à Québec et Lévis

Authors: Belhaj Messaoud, Meriem
Advisor: Després, CaroleVachon, Geneviève
Abstract: Urban sprawl, dispersion and fragmentation are transforming cities on both sides of the Atlantic. Metropolitan areas are expanding, with urban functions moving away from the city center. What is the impact of these phenomena on the image of the city? This research presents a case study conducted in Quebec City and Levis, two 17th-century cities facing each other on opposite shores of the St-Lawrence River. Their respective territory was enlarged in 2002 as they were forced by the provincial government to merge with several formerly independent suburban towns and villages. In what ways has this political transformation influenced social representations? What images and meanings are most associated with them? Are images drawn from history persisting in the representations? To answer these questions, this project conducted 18 semi-structured interviews asking respondents to sort images of the past, present and hypothetical future scenarios for various portions of the region. The findings reveal a general confusion about the new administrative limits of both cities. In terms of preferred images, the ones representing nature, cultural or sports activities (e.g. parks, riverside boardwalks, bike paths), and Old Quebec were most often chosen. Negative representations, however, were associated with everyday life and territorial mobility, referring to transportation (highways) and suburban commercial areas (commercial streets). Comparing respondents’ place of residence with their territorial practices reveals that, for some, the representations stem from the places frequented, while for others, they are clearly rooted in the collective imaginary.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2013
Open Access Date: 19 April 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/24431
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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