"Nous avons voulu parler de nous" : le discours éditorial des féministes québécoises (1972-1987) dans Québécoises deboutte!, Les têtes de pioche et La Vie en rose

Authors: Bergeron, Marie-Andrée
Advisor: Savoie, ChantalCaumartin, Anne
Abstract: This thesis explores the feminist’s editorial speech among three well-known feminist magazines of Quebec which are Québécoises deboutte!, Les têtes de pioche and La Vie en rose in order to understand the strategies and the posture of the feminists. Feminists adapt their rhetorics in order to define a movement that builds itself through a collective speech which is evolving as the sociopolitical context of Quebec in the seventies is. We have been able to observe three major tendencies among the texts. First of all, Québécoises deboutte! builds a speech to wrap up the different forms of activism together and to obtain the attention of potential allies who may be between the marxist and the counter-cultural poles. Secondly, Les têtes de pioche orients its speech toward a specifically feminist zone in order to distinguish itself from the other social fights. That magazine also works to explain and fight by using words the specific oppression of women. And finally, La Vie en rose presents itself as the standard bearer of the plurality of the feminist voices, showing at the same time the wins of radical feminism and the hopes of a new generation of feminists. In Quebec, the rise of the feminist magazines is an integral part of a social perspective which shows us the implication of the feminists in the fields of culture, philosophy and literature. Our research develops in two complementary parts which try to show the mechanism of the feminist speech by analyzing the content of different magazines and the evolution of this literature of ideas in an internal way (speech) and an external (field effects) one. Through twenty years of textual activism, we see that the editorial approach of the feminists forms a consistent whole. The journalistic efforts of feminism reveal an internal cohesion that consolidates itself year after year to, ultimately, become a system of ideas – and rhetorical – which is unique and into which the argumentation is mainly based on the ethos. Our thesis particularly study the literary aspects of the texts, the rise of the feminist press as a phenomenon that goes beyond the paper – because it concerns the history and the constitution of the literary field – the social and the formal problematics that are related to it.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2013
Open Access Date: 19 April 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/24428
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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