Analyse fonctionnelle de l'interaction entre les protéines Fanconi et le corépresseur CtBP1 : l'antagoniste Wnt Dickkopf-1 comme cible transcriptionnelle

Authors: Huard, Caroline
Advisor: Carreau, Madeleine
Abstract: Fanconi anemia (FA) is a genetic disease characterized by bone marrow failure, excess cancer risk, as well as a broad array of malformations. FANCC is one of fifteen genes linked to the FA disease and encodes a protein that, unlike other FA proteins, is localized primarily to the cell cytoplasm. Because of this, in addition to its role in DNA crosslink repair, FANCC is proposed to function in other mechanisms that can regulate hematopoietic progenitor cell fate. To better understand its functions, we investigated for new partners of the FANCC protein. One candidate, the transcriptional corepressor CtBP1, was selected for further analyses. Interatomic studies confirmed the physical link between FANCC and CtBP1 and revealed that CtBP1 is a member of the FA core complex. To investigate biological function of these interactions, we used a microarray strategy and found that the Wnt antagonist Dickkopf 1 (DKK1) is upregulated in FA and CtBP1 depleted cells. Accordingly, CtBP1 and FANCC were found to act as transcriptional repressor on DKK1 promoter in reporter gene assays. We also observed that FANCD2 indirectly represses DKK1 in promoting the expression of c Myc. Functional mechanism of these repressions may be explained on the observation that FANCC and FA core complex proteins interact with the Wnt transcriptional machinery proteins including CtBP1 and  catenin. Furthermore, we showed that FANCC accumulates into the nucleus in response to Wnt signalisation and participates with other FA proteins in  catenin activation. Therefore, we found increased levels of DKK1 in FA and CtBP1 depleted cells supernatant as well as in sera from FancA and FancC knockout mice. Functional interaction studies showed that FANCC and FA proteins with CtBP1 act in transcriptional regulation of the Wnt antagonist DKK1. These findings suggest that FANCC is a key protein involved in the Wnt signalling response. Because DKK1 is implicated in biological processes similar to those involved in FA pathogenesis, linking FANCC with CtBP1 to the regulation of DKK1 suggests a possible mechanism explaining the progressive loss of bone marrow cells and represents a crucial step for the development of novel strategies aimed at preventing bone marrow failure in FA patients.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2013
Open Access Date: 19 April 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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