Effet d'une supplémentation en acide folique et vitamine B12 et de deux niveaux de glucides chez des vaches de boucherie sur les performances de leurs veaux
|Advisor:||Cinq-Mars, Dany; Berthiaume, Robert; Faucitano, Luigi; Girard, Christiane|
|Abstract:||Thirty-two spring calving cows (760 ± 91 kg BW) and calves (44 ± 4.53 kg BW) were blocked according to parity and calving date (8 blocks of 4 cows) according to a randomised complete block design. Within each block, 2 cows were fed a low total non-structural carbohydrate (LTNC) diet, while 2 were fed a high TNC (HTNC) diet. Within each diet, cows were administered either no vitamins (v-) or weekly intramuscular injections of 160 mg of folic acid plus 10 mg of vitamin B12 (v+). From parturition to 100 d post-calving cows received grass silage ad libitum with (HTNC) or without 1 kg of dried molasses (LTNC). From day 100 to 200, cow-calf pairs were allotted new pasture daily at 0630h (LTNC) or 1830h (HTNC). During days 200 to 300, cow-calf pairs were fed ad libitum silage cut at 0600h (LTNC) or 1800h (HTNC). Calves were slaughtered at 305±12 d. Treatments had no effect on milk yield (P=0.17) but increased milk vitamin B12 excretion (P< 0.01) at 195 days post-calving. Treatments had no effect on calf performance except for meat collagen (P>0.05). These results indicate that folic acid and vitamin B12 supplements have little impact on healthy beef cattle and that plant TNC levels did not differ sufficiently to elicit an animal response.|
|Document Type:||Mémoire de maîtrise|
|Open Access Date:||19 April 2018|
|Collection:||Thèses et mémoires|
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