Mechanical and chemical characterization of the heterogeneous microstructure of green concrete with mineral additions

Authors: Vallée, Daniel
Advisor: Chen, JeffreySorelli, Luca
Abstract: One of the main interests of the cement and concrete industries is to better understand the mechanical properties of green concrete systems. This report provides a nano-investigation approach with a one-to-one coupling of the mechanical and chemical responses of ordinary cement pastes and a cement paste with an addition of blast furnace slag. This is achieved by using the technique of nanoindentation and a quantitative investigation of the chemistry by using the scanning electron microscopy coupled with the energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM-EDS). The mechanical analysis includes the measurement of a relaxation coe_cient, an extension of the already known theory of the nanoindentation technique. The results are implemented with a deterministic analysis of the chemistry, a method allowing the determination of the nature of an indented area from the atomic ratios measured by using the SEM-EDS on this spot, and which can be directly linked to the mechanical responses measured by the nanoindentation tests. A statistical analysis based on the maximum likelihood estimation is also performed in order to identify the mechanical responses of the di_erent chemical phases present. It is found that the most of the microvolumes probed by the mechanical and chemical investigation are heterogeneous composites with intermixing. We could also determine the mechanical properties of monosulfoalumite and hydrotalcite combined with C_S_H, important hydration products of cements with slag additions.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2013
Open Access Date: 19 April 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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